The oil and gas industry is one of the biggest industries in India and in the world. Up and down of the oil rates can directly impact the lives of common people and also the National GDP in a country like India. We have seen that in recent years.
The oil and gas industry that deals with sections and sectors from finding crude oil to the end sales of bi-products and oils.
What is Crude oil – Where it all started
Crude oil is made up of hydrocarbon (a compound of hydrogen and carbon) molecules formed million years ago found beneath the earth crust. And it is nonrenewable. We cannot be recreated. Hydrocarbons are highly flammable and that property of the crude widely used in many industries. 6/7 persons in the world are using any byproduct of crude oil globally. From that, we can understand how big is this industry.
Crude oil is a highly flammable substance and is globally recognized in mid 19th century. But also, in some historical notes, it is early used in China in the 5th century.
It is an essential commodity in so many products that we used the day in daily life. For example, petroleum products are used from car Tyres to deodorants and lipsticks.
Introduction to the oil and gas industry
One of the biggest industries in the world in terms of dollar value and it is one of the biggest factors that capable to change the GDP value of a country like India. And the industry generating about 3.3 trillion dollars annually. Creating so many job opportunities each year.
As per the reports of 2019, America is the largest producer in the world. And producing, drilling out 19.5 million barrels per day. After them Saudi Arabia with 11.8M barrels, then Russia 11.5M barrels. The 3 of them combined to produce 42% of the world’s total share.
One barrel is equal to 159 litres or 42 US gallons. [America –3100 M Liters]
By the reports in the wiki, America is the largest consumer of crude oil, consuming about much as they produce, 19.4 million barrels a day. After that China 14 million and India 5.2 M barrel per day
For an introduction, the oil and gas industry can be divided into 3 sectors
The sector is all about finding, drilling and bringing up the crude oil and natural gas from beneath the earth’s crust. This can be from onshore as well as offshore.
The activities doing the upstream are;
- Exploration: is the process of finding crude oil and natural gas deposits under the earth’s crust with the help of many modern technologies.
- Drilling: drilling process is different on-shore and offshore drilling. This part is very expensive in the oil and gas sector. The founded crude oil and natural gas is bringing up by drilling wells from the earth’s crust into many thousand feet and bring up them to the ground
Examples of upstream companies in India are;
- Oil and natural gas corporation
- Indian oil corporation limited
- Gujarat state petroleum corporation
- Reliance industries
- Essar oil
- Cairn India
The midstream department is dealing with the transportation, storage and processing of oil and gas. The un-refined oil and gas are transferred from the rigs to the refineries. the refineries are usually situated in completely different geographical areas through different platforms that can include pipelines, ships, trains, trucks. Also, the midstream treats the products, removes the water and other wastes in them.
Examples of mid-stream companies in India are
- Indian Oil Corporation
- Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
- PetroNet LNG Limited
- Adani Enterprises Ltd
- Gail Limited
The area where the crude oil is converted into different usable industrial, commercial and residential products such as gasoline, diesel, lubricants, kerosene, jet fuel, asphalt, heating oil, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) as well as a number of other types of petrochemicals. All this is done in refineries.
Examples of downstream companies in India are
- Indian oil corporation limited
- Bharath petroleum corporation limited
- Hindustan petroleum corporation limited
- Reliance industries limited
- Nayara energy limited
Career pathways in the oil and gas industry
The oil and gas industry is the largest oil in the world in dollar terms. Maybe # 1.
As per statistics in 2018, There are more than 200,000 permeant staff working across the oil and gas industry in India. But the number of contracted and other staffs is 3-5 times more than permanent staff.
Oil and gas are essential for the production of innumerable everyday products, fueling vehicles, heating buildings, and generating electricity. What’s more, there are many different career paths to choose from.
From engineers and geologists to office-based roles in accounting and human resources (HR), employers need graduates with different interests from different academic backgrounds.
For example, you could be a chef who supports the workers on an oil rig, a chemist who undertakes research and development, and environmental consultant who ensures that standards are met, or a subsea engineer who designs and installs underwater equipment.
The oil and gas industry offers a wide range of opportunities both onshore and offshore. That includes both technical and non-technical jobs. And it can vary from a comfortable ‘cushy’ level job to an extreme weather condition job.
oil field services Described as the activities and services that assist in locating, evaluating, developing, producing and disposing of oil and gas resources.
Oilfield services involve a number of activities related to the detection of oil or gas, however, companies operating in this area generally do not manufacture their own petroleum products. Oilfield Services offers a wide range of jobs, including field service and maintenance technicians, to help engineers design and maintain equipment and procedures for repair and maintenance.
Companies operating in this area operate on onshore and offshore oilfields around the world.
The jobs in the industry can offer you a high scale of pay, fast growth in the career. There are many pathways to opt-in oil and industry. Some of the popular and common jobs are enlisted below.
- Land agents
- Safety managers
- Geoscience professional
- Mud logger
- Drilling engineer
- Energy engineer
- Engineering geologist
- Hydrographic surveyor
- Mining engineer
- Petroleum engineer
- Wellsite geologist
- Piping and pipeline engineer
- Piping control room operator
- Production and Maintenance
- QA QC section
- NDT Section
- Health and Safety
- Marketing section
These jobs are only a few popular and common jobs in the oil and gas industry. If you dig deep, you can find vast job opportunities in the sector.
If you are from south India, then you can join in Adi Institute of Quality engineers for entering into the oil and gas industry with a short-term course, any candidates with a minimum qualification of +2 can join this diploma in the oil and gas program.
You can find oil and gas jobs in